Addressing the Dual Crisis: Understanding and Alleviating the Behavioral Health Workforce Shortage in the US Military


The United States faces a growing crisis in the availability and accessibility of behavioral health services, particularly within the military. The shortage of behavioral health professionals poses a significant challenge in meeting the mental health needs of military personnel and their families, potentially jeopardizing their well-being and mission readiness. This essay explores the extent of the behavioral health workforce shortage, its impact on military communities, and potential solutions to address this pressing issue.

The Extent of the Behavioral Health Workforce Shortage

As of March 2023, the United States is grappling with a significant shortage of behavioral health professionals. According to a report by the Commonwealth Fund, there were only 160,000 practicing behavioral health professionals to cater to the mental health needs of over 331 million Americans (Commonwealth Fund, 2023). This translates to a striking disparity between the demand for mental health services and the available workforce. Military communities are bearing a considerable burden as they struggle to access adequate mental health care for their service members and their families.

The Impact on Military Mental Health Services

The shortage of mental health professionals has had profound consequences on the mental health services available to the military community. Military personnel, veterans, and their families often face unique stressors, including combat exposure, frequent relocations, and the emotional toll of deployments. Consequently, they require specialized and comprehensive behavioral health support. However, with limited providers available, it has become increasingly challenging to deliver timely and high-quality care.

The consequences of this shortage are far-reaching. Many military personnel may avoid seeking help due to long wait times or geographical limitations, leading to unaddressed mental health concerns and potential deterioration of overall well-being. The shortage of mental health providers has also led to an increased reliance on general practitioners and less specialized professionals, potentially resulting in suboptimal treatment outcomes.

Addressing the Crisis: Potential Solutions

1. Increasing Behavioral Health Workforce Supply:

To tackle the crisis, one primary approach is to expand the supply of behavioral health professionals. Addressing this deficit requires targeted efforts in education and training programs. Scholarships, loan repayment programs, and incentives for students pursuing behavioral health degrees can encourage more individuals to enter this field. Moreover, collaborations between the Department of Defense (DoD) and educational institutions could lead to tailored training programs that focus on military mental health needs. Florida National University aims to address this deficit through its undergraduate and graduate psychology programs.

2. Enhancing Telehealth Services:

Telehealth has proven to be a valuable tool in overcoming geographical barriers and increasing access to mental health services. By leveraging telehealth platforms, behavioral health providers can reach military personnel and their families in remote or underserved areas. The DoD should invest in improving telehealth infrastructure and promoting its use within military healthcare facilities to make services more accessible.

3. Reducing Stigma:

The stigma surrounding mental health within the military community can discourage individuals from seeking care. Implementing robust stigma reduction campaigns and mental health awareness programs can help create a culture that values seeking help and support. By fostering an open and supportive environment, more individuals may feel comfortable seeking behavioral health services without fear of judgment.

4. Collaboration with Civilian Providers:

Collaboration between the military and civilian healthcare systems can enhance the availability of behavioral health services. This partnership can involve sharing resources, expertise, and best practices to improve the quality and efficiency of mental health care. Furthermore, the integration of military and civilian healthcare providers can enhance care continuity, especially during transitions from active service to veteran status.

5. Prioritizing Retention and Well-being of Providers:

To address workforce shortages, it is essential to prioritize the retention and well-being of existing behavioral health providers. Measures such as competitive salaries, flexible work arrangements, and access to professional development opportunities can improve job satisfaction and reduce burnout rates. Additionally, investing in support services, such as peer support programs and mental health resources, can strengthen the resilience of providers.


The behavioral health workforce shortage is a pressing issue that requires immediate attention, especially within the military community. The strain on mental health services can adversely affect the well-being and mission readiness of military personnel and their families. By implementing targeted strategies to increase the supply of behavioral health professionals, embracing telehealth services, reducing stigma, fostering collaboration, and prioritizing provider retention, the United States can take significant steps towards addressing the crisis. A comprehensive and multi-faceted approach is necessary to ensure that the mental health needs of those who serve our country are adequately met and supported.

Interested in being part of the solution to such an important growing problem? Check out FNU’s Bachelor of Science in Psychology program today! We offer financial aid to those that qualify and special tuition rates for active military, veterans, and their spouses. Contact us for more information.


Commonwealth Fund. (2023, May). Understanding the U.S. Behavioral Health Workforce Shortage. Retrieved from

My Base Guide. Military Mental Health Service Shortage. Retrieved from

NewsNation Now. (n.d.). Military Faces Health Care Worker Shortage. Retrieved from